Friday, August 5, 2016

UN Children's Fund ,International Consultant Jobs in Rwanda



Situation Analysis of the Status of Women and Children in Rwanda
Closing date: 21 Aug 2016
1. Background and Purpose
In conjunction with the Mid Term Review of Economic Development and Poverty Reduction Strategy 2013-2018 (EDSPR) II and to support preparation of the One UN UNDAP 2019-2024, UNICEF intends to undertake a Situation Analysis (SitAn) of women and children in Rwanda.

A UNICEF rights-based, equity-focused Situation Analysis (SitAn) of women and children includes: a disaggregated assessment of the status of and trends in the realization of children’s and women’s rights; an analysis of the immediate, underlying and structural causes of shortfalls and disparities across various groups of children across the life-cycle; and policy and programmatic recommendations to address the shortfalls and disparities and accelerate progress towards development goals and the fulfilment of human rights conventions. By focusing on the key knowledge gaps related to inequities and child deprivations and promoting the broad engagement of all stakeholders, the SitAn is intended to make an important contribution to shaping national development strategies to accelerate achievement of the child-related goals with a particular focus on equity and as enshrined in the human rights conventions.
2. Justification
The UNICEF Global Guidance requires that “a new or updated Situation Analysis of children and women document, as a synthesis of new statistics, national policies, laws and trends, and new research and analysis accumulated over the past years, should be prepared at least once in the course of a Country Programme”.
The SitAn is being undertaken as a step in the UNICEF planning cycle towards the development of the new Country Programme, but also as a central function of UNICEF’s mandate that strongly supports national capacity for promoting human development and fulfilling the human rights of citizens.
The timing of a SitAn development process builds upon the release of new information on children, including from major surveys (e.g. Demographic and Health Survey; EICV5) and from other special research and studies.
3. Objectives
The objective of the consultancy is to conduct a rights-based, equity-focused SitAn that should serve the following purposes:
· Improve the understanding of decision-makers, partners and all other stakeholders of the current status of children’s and women’s rights in the country and the causes of shortfalls and inequities, as the basis for recommending actions;
· Support national and decentralized planning and development processes including influencing policies, strategies, budgets and laws;
· Strengthen national and sub-national capacities to monitor the situation of children and women, principally regarding vulnerable and disadvantaged groups and how their specific rights are being met;
· Contribute to national research on disadvantaged children and leverage UNICEF’s convening power to foster and support knowledge generation with development, civil society and private sector stakeholders.
· Strengthen the knowledge base to enable assessment of the contribution of development partners, including UNICEF and the UN, in support of national development goals.
4. Methodological Approach & Expected Output
Preparation of the SitAn will follow a basic sequence of steps, including:
Step 1: Assessment of the manifestations of child rights shortfalls, and trends and inequities in child outcomes across the life-cycle;
Step 2: Analysis of the major causes of child rights shortfalls and inequities and of the programming environment to identify bottlenecks, risks and opportunities;
Step 3: Validation of the analysis for the realisation of child rights with a strong focus on addressing inequities.
Step 1: Assessment of the manifestations of child rights shortfalls and inequities in child outcomes
The SitAn will be based on a comprehensive assessment of the existing data, evidence and research on children and women (Annex II - requirements on information sources). Such an assessment will include, but will not be limited to, a review of the trends in all the child outcomes in health, nutrition, education, development, water and sanitation, environment, child and social protection and participation in relation to international targets such as the SDGs and other goals related to the CRC, CEDAW and CRPD. A comprehensive review of data and research-based information will summarise current knowledge, enable in-depth understanding of key social, cultural and related economic issues and help to identify what additional primary (qualitative and quantitative) data or analysis is required. Secondary information should be identified and consulted through desk reviews and requests for inputs from partners (government, bilateral and NGOs).
The analysis of the data and information should be structured along a life-cycle approach, and disaggregated, to the extent possible, by sex, age and various population groups (female or child-headed households), area of residence (urban/rural), location (national, regional, community), educational levels, wealth quintiles, disability status, etc. Analysis across different characteristics will increase understanding of the multiple forms of exclusion that girls or boys, at different ages in their childhood may face, and of the patterns of inequities in relation to each development goal. Assessment of the nature of gender relations at family, local and national levels will reveal patterns and scope of gender inequalities including in: a) development outcomes between girls and boys, b) access to and use of basic social services, including protection services, and c) the control of resources.
Step 2: Analysis of the major causes of child rights shortfalls and inequities
Following the assessment of the situation of children and women based on existing data and trends, the SitAn will systematically analyse the socio-political, judicial and institutional environment, systems, behaviours and practices that facilitate or hamper the fulfilment of the rights of children and women.
The following interrelated and mutually reinforcing tools will support a quality and adequately structured analytical effort:
· A causality analysis will examine the causes of shortfalls and inequities probing beyond the immediate causes of non-realisation of children’s and women’s rights to determine the underlying and structural causes of the problem. It will identify the bottlenecks and barriers in provision and use of essential interventions and services for children and women.
· A role-pattern analysis will analyse roles and relationships between duty-bearers and rights holders in relation to specific rights;
· A capacity-gap analysis, will examine the capacity of key individuals and institutions responsible for respecting, protecting and fulfilling the rights of children;
· *An analysis of the enabling environ**ment* will examine broader policy, legal, administrative and budgetary issues and social norms which influence the realisation of human rights of children and women and the reduction of inequalities.
· An analysis of the programming environment will identify main bottlenecks, risks and opportunities for delivery of programmes for children. Analysis of UNICEF comparative advantage and strategic positioning will be added to analysis of the programming environment.
A gender perspective will be incorporated throughout the analysis, and environmental sustainability will also be emphasized.
Step 3: Validation of the analysis for the realisation of child rights with equity
The SitAn validation, as a third step in SitAn development process, will aim to build stakeholder commitment and to optimise its use in influencing dialogue towards equitable human development outcomes and the realisation of children’s and women’s rights.
The validation process should involve national and local government officials, civil society groups, private sector partners, donors, international agencies and other development actors. In preparation for the validation of the SitAn, a mapping of partners in the SitAn process, their agendas, approaches as well as their capacity for action will be implemented to provide a basis for seizing opportunities offered by strategic partnerships and other collaborative arrangements. A stakeholder mapping exercise (using SWOT analysis or any other appropriate methodology) will be used to examine the strengths and weaknesses, and the opportunities and threats with regards to partner relationships. This exercise should highlight opportunities for UNICEF to use its comparative advantages most effectively to continue supporting knowledge generation, strategic planning and the achievement of equitable results for children’s and women’s rights. Efforts will be made to ensure consultative processes with children and their caregivers during the development and validation of the SitAn.
The expected outputs of the consultancy are outlined below:
· Inception Report and Refinement of the Situation Analysis Outline Structure (draft outline - Annex I).
· Assessment / analysis of the child rights shortfalls and inequities in child survival and development outcomes. This segment of the Situation Analysis will serve as the basis for the development of the in-depth, full Situation Analysis.
· Analysis of the major causes of child rights shortfalls and inequities.
· Support to stakeholder consultations. The Consultant will prepare presentations in an agreed format (slide deck), for presentation to the selected government stakeholders and partners and draft information materials.
· Final SitAn report; Situation Analysis Summary; Policy Brief.
5. Major Tasks, Deliverables & Timeframe
The major deliverables and timeframe of this consultancy are outlined below:
· Inception Report
Timeframe: August 2016
· Assessment / analysis of the manifestations of child rights shortfalls and inequities in child outcomes, including summary of the findings
Timeframe: September 2016
· Analysis of the major causes of child rights shortfalls and inequities
Timeframe: November 2016
· Support to stakeholder consultations and development of the Summary/Policy Briefs and draft information materials
Timeframe: December 2016
· Final Report
Timeframe: March 2017
6. Stakeholder Participation
The consultant will work in close cooperation with the senior management, under direct supervision of UNICEF SPR Section, and other UNICEF sections as relevant. In addition, as national ownership is necessary to build consensus on the analytical results, involvement of the government, civil society and other national stakeholders throughout the SitAn process is a pre-requisite for its acceptance in policy and strategy formulation, budget allocation, programme implementation, monitoring and evaluation. Stakeholder involvement should be strategically planned and managed throughout the process. Key stakeholders to the SitAn include: key ministries and government agencies at the national and sub national levels; parliaments; relevant civil society organizations; international cooperation partners; private sector, media, children and young persons, representatives of disadvantaged population groups, such as the poor and refugees.
7. Qualifications and Requirements
The International Consultant should have:
· MA degree or PhD in Public Policy, Gender and Development Studies, Social Development, Sociology or other relevant fields
· At least 8 years of proven experience in policy analysis, research and other related fields
· Strong analytical (quantitative and qualitative) and writing skills
· Ability to produce deliverables in due time and with quality standards
· Fluency in written and oral English; French will be an added asset
· Strong interpersonal and communication skills
· Good understanding of Rwandan context is an asset
8. Supervision
The international consultant will report to the Chief of Social Policy and Research. UNICEF Senior Management will be engaged in main decisions as to the structure and contents of the SitAn. The UNICEF programme sections will be involved and the quality assurance of the deliverables as relevant. UNICEF CAP and PME sections will be engaged to provide guidance and quality assurance with regards to use of data, specific components of the analysis and the development of the communication materials. The GoR partners will participate in the quality assurance of the deliverables individually or through a technical team established by UNICEF.
9. Terms and conditions:
Consultancy will be implemented within timeframe August 2016 to March 2017 in accordance with the implementation plan contained in the Inception Report and approved by UNICEF. Required number of work days will be specified in the Inception Report and is not expected to exceed 80 days. Consultant will combine visits to Rwanda with work from home. Travel from the current duty station to Kigali and living allowances should be incorporated in the proposal. Travel within the country will be organized by UNICEF, and costs reimbursed as per standard rules and regulations. Consultant will be paid in 4 installments, in US dollars, following the below deliverables-payment schedule. UNICEF reserves the right to withhold all or a portion of payment if performance is unsatisfactory, if work/outputs is incomplete, not delivered or for failure to meet deadlines. All materials developed by the consultant will remain the copyright of UNICEF and UNICEF will be free to adapt and modify them in future.

Annex 1: Draft Outline Structure of the Situation Analysis of Women and Children in Rwanda

1.      Introduction
2.      Methodology
3.      The National Development Context (manifestations and major causes of child rights shortfalls and inequities)
a. Geography
b. Governance context
c. Demographic trends
d. Economic context and socio-economic trends
e. Child Poverty
f. Policy and programming Framework (linking poverty reduction and economic development)
g. Gender equality and the empowerment of women
h. Environment, natural disasters and climate change
  1. Thematic Analysis (manifestations and major causes of child rights shortfalls and inequities)
a. Child Survival (health, nutrition, WASH)
b. Early Childhood Development
c. Education
d. Child Protection
e. Social Protection
  1. Cross-cutting Issues
a. Urbanization
b. Environment / Climate Change
c. Adolescence
d. Disability
e. Environment
1.      Recommendations to address the identified child rights shortfalls and inequities
2.      Programming environment, including meta-analysis of bottlenecks, risks and opportunities
3.      UNICEF comparative advantage and strategic position

Annex 2: Examples of Information Sources

Primary Data Sources
Routine statistics:
§ Health Management Information System (HMIS)
§ Education Management Information (EMIS)
§ Finance Laws and National Budgets (Ministry of Finance)
§ Birth/Vital Registration systems
§ National Disaster and emergency statistics
Special-purpose surveys:**
§ Census
§ Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS)
§ Household Budget and Expenditure Surveys
§ Child Labour Surveys
Focus Group Discussions, Knowledge-Attitude-Practice (KAP) studies and consultations with representative groups of young children/adolescents; women; communities; especially disadvantaged groups, such as VUP 1 and children with disabilities.
Secondary Data Sources
Routine Reports from Government (Annual Reports of Ministries; Sectoral and thematic reports; etc.)
Reporting on internationally agreed Conventions, Treaties and Targets
§ MDGs reports
§ State party reports to the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child
§ Concluding observations and recommendations of the Committee
§ State party reports on the CEDAW and CPRD and concluding observations and recommendations of the Committees
Studies and Analytic work
§ Multiple Overlapping Deprivation Analysis (MODA) study
§ Academic studies
§ Thematic studies (e.g. Child Poverty Studies)
§ Poverty Mapping
§ Vulnerability Assessments
§ Conflict Analyses
§ Hazard maps and risk assessments
§ Budget reviews (Example: World Bank Public Expenditure Reviews etc...)
§ Legislative reviews (Penal Code, Juvenile laws etc.)
§ Media Studies
§ Audience Surveys
§ Perception Surveys
Reports from Programme Reviews and Evaluations
§ Mid-Term Review findings
§ Country Programme Evaluations
§ UNDAF Evaluations
Databases
§ DevInfo databases
§ Other official database meeting international standards *
How to apply:
Qualified individuals are requested to submit their cover letter, CV and P11 form (which can be downloaded from: http://www.unicef.org/about/employ/files/P11.doc), and a financial proposal to Human Resources at: Rwajobs@unicef.org by 21 August, with subject: International consultant – Situation Analysis of the Status of Women and Children in Rwanda.
Financial proposal should provide a budget and timeline, using the table below and should be expressed as a lump sum per deliverable (inclusive of travel and living costs while in Kigali):
Deliverable Number of person days Delivery date Costs
Inception Report
Assessment / analysis of the manifestations of child rights shortfalls and inequities in child outcomes
Analysis of the major causes of child rights shortfalls and inequities
Support to stakeholder consultations / Summary Briefs and Draft information materials
Final SitAn Report, SitAn Summary and a Policy Brief
Total
Please note that any application without a financial proposal and a P11 will not be considered. =

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