Wednesday, August 2, 2017

ToR Formalisation of Employment and the Role of Cooperatives in Creating Formal Employment

Terms of Reference
September to December 2017
1. Background
Rwanda has shown extraordinary commitment to reform in recent years and has achieved high rates of economic growth and its economic pote
ntial has increased through accession to the East African Community. However, due to continuing competitiveness challenges of SMEs, Rwanda has not yet been able to take full advantage of the available opportunities.
With its high rate of population growth and a very young population, each year about 120,000 persons enter newly into the job market. The Rwandan Government is therefore working to increase the productivity of the private sector in order to create employment opportunities and improve the employability of the overwhelmingly young population.
  1. The Eco-Emploi Programme
The Eco-Emploi Programme is part of the priority area “Sustainable Economic Development” of the Rwandan-German Development Cooperation and will be implemented between June 2016 and Mai 2019. Eco-Emploi embodies an integrated approach of technical and vocational education and training, labour market interventions and private sector development. It supports the economic sectors ICT, wood economy, tourism and creative industries (above all audio-visual business). The economic empowerment of women and people living with disabilities are a cross-cutting effort in all activities of the programme.
Eco-Emploi’s success is mainly defined by the amount of jobs that are created though the programme’s activities. For more information, please visit Eco-Emploi’s homepage:
2.    Context of the assignment
The informal economy in Rwanda is characterized by a high number of own account workers who are in most cases underemployed. The cooperative model is a proven instrument of self-organisation which ideally provides its members with benefits gained through collectivism and enhances the economic capacities through joint efforts. Furthermore, cooperatives can play a significant role in formalizing the employment status of their members. To perform this role, the cooperative system needs to be embedded in a policy framework which favours formalization processes through cooperatives. In Rwandan, certain steps at policy level are directing cooperatives to perform this role, for instance, the enrolment of members into the social security system. However, despite these opportunities for cooperatives to act as a driving force in the achievement of the governments’ objective to formalize employment in Rwanda, in reality cooperatives have not yet taken over this role.
A special case in the cooperative system can be observed in the context of the Integrated Craft Production Centres (ICPCs) which not only physically are a central place for cooperatives in selected sectors. The main goal for the ICPCs is to accommodate crafts(wo)men and artisans in order to improve work processes and quality of products through provision of modern facilities and technology, to market local products, to upgrade skills and to generate employment opportunities. The ICPCs are established under MINEACOM and governed by the districts. The influence of ICPCs on the cooperative system organized around, attached or integrated in the Centres is significant and the organisational structure and relation to cooperatives not fully regulated.
Eco-Emploi is partnering with individual cooperatives as well as with ICPC-cooperative structures in the selected sectors. The programme is also supporting the GoR in its goal to improve formalization of employment.
3.    Objective of the assignment
The objective of the assignment is to assess how to better utilize cooperatives for formalization of employment in Rwanda with a special focus on the audio-visual, ICT, tourism and wood sectors.
4.    Scope
The consultant will conduct a study that covers all different forms of cooperatives (except SACCOs) from worker cooperatives, producer/marketing cooperatives, to purchasing cooperatives and with a special focus on handcraft and artists’ cooperatives as well as the organizational structure of cooperatives under/within ICPCs. The consultant will also be required to consult with MINEACOM and Rwanda Cooperative Agency as well as National Confederation of Cooperatives in Rwanda (NCCR).
In terms of formalization of employment, the study will cover both target groups, members of cooperatives and employees of cooperatives as well as mixed forms.
The study will be structured in the following chapters:
a)    Institutional Framework
The consultant will provide an overview about a) different requirements and options of employment formalisation as defined by the GoR; b) all relevant national and internal policy frameworks which define the role of cooperatives in the formalization of employment; c) the relevant stakeholders in implementing, supporting and monitoring the relevant policies; and d) the processes actors are involved in during the implementation of policies.
The above described research will also include all relevant ICPC policies which affect the role of cooperatives in the formalization of employment.
In addition, the consultant will collect data that provide a general overview about the status of implementation of the above identified policies.
b)    Collection of good practices, approaches and tools of creating formal employment trough cooperatives
The consultant will identify at least three role-model cooperatives and three role-model ICPC-cooperative-structures with significant results in creating formal employment for cooperative members and or employees. S/he will define criteria which are guiding the analysis for the reasons of the successful implementation; and finally, identify, approach, tools and common success factors. The consultant will also come up with key proposed models for these four specific sectors to be applied.
c) Status of relevant cooperatives in the four sectors in their performance to contribute to the formalization of employment
By using the above developed tools of criteria and success factors the consultant will analyse the performance of the following cooperatives in the formalization of employment of their members. The selected cooperatives are including all those Eco-Emploi is partnering with but is not limited to them:
•    Audio-visual: Partner cooperative + four other cooperatives
•    ICT: Five cooperatives
•    Tourism: Five cooperatives along the Lake Kivu belt
•    Wood:
o    ICPC-cooperative structure in Muhanga, Nyamata, Gisozi, Karongi, Rusizi and Rubavu
o    Plus three furniture related cooperatives not connected to ICPCs
d)    Status of overall implementation of cooperative policies by partner cooperatives
While analysing the implementation status of policies related to the formalization of employment, for the Eco-Emploi partner cooperatives only (Media cooperative, ICPC-cooperative structure in Muhanga, Nyamata, Gisozi, Karongi, Rusizi and Rubavu), the consultant will extend the scope to an analysis of the overall implementation status of the national and internal cooperative policies. The analysis should also assess how the implementation status of the policies on the cooperatives performance in creating employment and on the economic sustainability of cooperative, and vice versa.
e)    Conclusion and recommendations
Based on the findings, the consultant will draw conclusions on the status and potential of cooperatives in formalizing employment. Furthermore, with focus on the Eco-Emploi portfolio s/he will recommend concrete interventions to be performed by Eco-Emploi and other relevant stakeholders to improve formalization of employment through cooperatives and ICPC-cooperative structures. The specific models should be well defined and documented with different precondition, process and key intervention at all levels.
The methodology combines desk reviews, expert interviews as well as field visits to the selected cooperatives. After entering in each of the chapters detailed above, a research plan will be presented and adjusted based on the feedback of Eco-Emploi.
5. Deliverables
  • Internal presentations, including inception presentation that outlines the methodology and tools.
  • Draft and final version of study as outlined above, written in English, suitable for publishing, in MS word file.
  • Photos taken from field visit that fulfil the requirement in quality and resolution for publishing.
  • Final presentation to a relevant audience.
6.    Duration of the assignment
The assignment will be conducted in the period of September to December 2017.
7.    Coordination and Supervision
The consultant will report to the component manager of LMI in the Eco-Emploi Programme. In addition, close coordination with the Rwandan Cooperative Agency will be required.
8. Required Profile of the Consultant(s) / Company
The consultant(s) / company should fulfil the following qualifications:
  • Proven experience in cooperative law and management in Rwanda
  • Proven experience in cooperative business model
  • Proven experience and knowledge of cooperative movement in Rwanda
  • Good knowledge about requirements of formalization of employment
  • Excellent insights in organizational set-up and operation of ICPCs
  • Good understanding selected sectors
  • Eye for detail and quality results driven
  • Communication and interpersonal skills: Excellent English skills required; Knowledge of French and Kinyarwanda is required, too.
Please deposit your application until latest Monday, 14 August 2017 at 12PM, at the front desk of GIZ office/Kiyovu, 41, KN ST 17, P.O. Box 59 Kigali.
Your application includes:
  • Technical proposal
  • Financial proposal
  • Information about legal status
  •  CV

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